India Nuclear Agreement with Other Countries: An Overview for UPSC Aspirants

India has been one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, and its energy demands have been on the rise in recent years. The country has been working towards achieving energy security through different means, and one crucial aspect has been nuclear energy. India has been working towards building its nuclear capabilities and simultaneously establishing ties with other countries to further its nuclear knowledge. In this article, we will discuss India`s nuclear agreement with other countries and why it is an essential topic for UPSC aspirants.

India`s Nuclear Agreements with Other Countries

India has signed different nuclear agreements with several countries in recent years. These agreements aim to facilitate the transfer of technology and knowledge, build nuclear power plants, and establish peaceful relations with other countries. Some of the significant nuclear agreements that India has signed are:

1. Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG): India joined the NSG in 2016. NSG is a group of countries that aims to control the export and import of nuclear materials and technologies worldwide.

2. United States-India Civil Nuclear Agreement: In 2008, India signed a civil nuclear agreement with the United States, which permits India to purchase nuclear fuel and technology.

3. India-Russia Nuclear Agreement: India signed a nuclear agreement with Russia in 2014. The agreement enables Russia to build up to 12 nuclear power plants in India.

4. India-France Nuclear Agreement: India and France signed a nuclear agreement in 2008, allowing France to build nuclear reactors in India.

5. India-Japan Civil Nuclear Agreement: India and Japan signed a civil nuclear agreement in 2016, intending to promote peaceful nuclear cooperation between the two countries.

Why is Nuclear Agreement an Important Topic for UPSC Aspirants?

Nuclear energy is a topic that has been part of the UPSC syllabus for many years. UPSC has been testing the aspirants` knowledge about the basics of nuclear energy, its advantages and disadvantages, and the international collaborations that India has made in the field of nuclear energy. Thus, it is crucial for UPSC aspirants to have a good understanding of India`s nuclear agreements with other countries.

The aspirants should be well-versed with the significance and the benefits that India derives from these agreements. These agreements have helped India in achieving energy security and, at the same time, have facilitated the transfer of technology and knowledge. Such collaborations with other nations have helped India build its nuclear capabilities and increase its global standing as a peaceful nuclear power.


India`s nuclear agreements with other countries have been instrumental in fostering peaceful collaborations between nations and promoting nuclear energy. UPSC aspirants should have a good understanding of these agreements, their benefits, and their significance in global politics. In conclusion, India`s growing nuclear cooperation with other countries is an exciting topic for UPSC aspirants to study as it highlights the country`s efforts in achieving energy security while striving towards peace and cooperation in the international community.