After Israel and Egypt, Which Other Two Countries Signed Agreement?
In a region that has had its fair share of tension and conflict, a few historic peace agreements have been signed between countries that were previously at odds with each other. Israel and Egypt signed the first such agreement in 1979, followed by Jordan in 1994. Since then, two other countries have joined the list of those who have signed peace agreements with Israel. But which ones are they?
The first country to sign a peace agreement with Israel after Jordan was Mauritania in 1999. This was largely seen as a surprise move, as Mauritania is a member of the Arab League, which officially boycotts Israel. However, the Mauritanian government at the time saw an opportunity to improve relations with the West and the United States, and also believed that having formal ties with Israel would help it to tackle its own Islamist insurgency.
The peace agreement between Mauritania and Israel was signed on October 28, 1999, in the city of Nouakchott. However, the agreement was not popular among the Mauritanian people, and relations between the two countries remained cold for many years.
The most recent country to sign a peace agreement with Israel is the United Arab Emirates (UAE). On August 13, 2020, US President Donald Trump announced that Israel and the UAE had reached a historic peace deal, which was later formalized on September 15, 2020, at a ceremony at the White House. The agreement, known as the Abraham Accords, was seen as a major breakthrough in the Middle East peace process and opened the door for other Arab countries to normalize relations with Israel.
The Abraham Accords also established a number of agreements in various fields, including tourism, trade, and security cooperation. The UAE became the first Gulf country to establish official diplomatic relations with Israel, and the deal was praised by many world leaders, including the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
In conclusion, after Egypt and Jordan, two other countries have signed peace agreements with Israel, namely Mauritania in 1999 and the UAE in 2020. While these agreements are significant, they are only the tip of the iceberg for what could be achieved in the field of peace and cooperation in the Middle East. As such, they are a promising sign for the future of the region and for the possibility of further breakthroughs in the years to come.